African Violet/Parma Viola (Saintpaulia jonantha) is a decorative apartment plant, which originated from Central Africa.
The Parma violets are perennial plants, which bloom almost every time of the year, the blossoming is more abundant from spring to autumn. The plants have different colors, depending on each species (pink, violet, white, red, intense blue, etc).
How to take care of violas
1. Light. The violas don’t like direct sunlight, they prefer windows which have a Northern or Western exposure.
2. Watering. This needs to be done using room temperature water. The water needs to be poured directly on the pot, without touching the leaves or through the capillarities directly to the flowerpot base holder where is needs to be kept for 10 minutes so that the plant could absorb it, after which the remaining water needs to be thrown.
3. Temperature. The violet needs a temperature of around 20-22 degrees Celsius in order to bloom and grow.
4. Fertilization. This needs to be done using liquid fertilizers (once every 2 weeks from spring until autumn and once a month during winter), or using fertilizer sticks (once every 2 months).
5. Propagating. This needs to be done directly through dividing the shrubs or using leaf cuttings, which need to be placed directly in the soil. To have an optimum growth, it is recommended that the base leaves are removed.
6. Pests. Aphids are the most common pests (use Mospilan and Actara treatments), acari can also be found (use Envidor and Nissorun treatments).
Powdery Mildew and Rot, can be treated using Topsin, Teldor.
Leaf Yellowing is caused by a low atmospheric humidity or improper watering.
Root Rot is caused by excessive watering or improper drainage of the flowerpot.
Leaf Curling is caused by a low atmospheric humidity and insufficient watering.