Velvetleaf – Abutilon theophrasti

Abutilon theophrasti

Abutilon theophrasti

Abutilon theophrasti (velvetleaf) is an annual, dicotyledon plant, that grows in areas with a warm climate. It prefers moist soils, that are rich in nutritious substances.

Common names: velvetleaf, velvet plant, velvetweed, Chinese jute, China jute, crown weed, buttonweed, lantern mallow, butterprint, pie-marker, or Indian mallow.


The velvetleaf is an annual, herbaceous plant that is very common for the sandy areas. It can be found on flat soils and even on oak tree forests.

The root is a pivoting one, that has long and thin ramifications.

The stem can be 200-cm high and lightly velvety.

Abutilon theophrasti - plant

The leaves are placed alternatively. The leaves have limb that is almost round, with a heart-shaped base and an acuminate tip. The leaves have serrated margins and long petioles.

Abutilon theophrasti - cotyledon

The flowers are places on the leaves’ axilla, on short peduncles. The flowers have yellow petals that are slightly larger than the sepals.

Abutilon theophrasti - flower

The fruit is similar to a hairy pod that has 3 seeds in every cell.

Abutilon theophrasti - fruit and seeds

The blossoming period is the summer season. The plant produces between 100 to 200 seeds.

How to fight this pest plant

The herbicides that are recommended when fighting the velvetleaf are: Glyphopgan, Adengo, Sencor, Merlin Duo, Surdone.

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