How to get rid of Wild Pigs

wild pigs boar pleistocene holocene how to get rid of

The wild pig, also known as the wild boar, the wild swine, or, scientifically, Sus scrofa, is a large mammal, belonging to the family Suidae. The relationship between wild pigs and humans is long-standing, considering the fact that the wild pig is the ancestor of most domestic pig breeds. Not only that, but it has been a big-game animal for millennia. As is the case with most animals, wild pigs can be pests, but they can also prove to be useful.

wild pigs boar pleistocene holocene how to get rid of

The fact that wild pigs carry diseases and parasites that can be transmitted to both humans and other domestic animals is another problematic matter. Wild pigs are known to host at least 20 parasitic worm species and can carry approximately 15 diseases. Despite popular belief, wild pigs do not cause the swine flu, although they may carry it and transmit it. Attacks on humans are also rare, but they are aggressive, and resulting injuries can be serious. The most likely time for attacks to happen is the mating period (November through January) when males are already aggressive. It is important to remember, though, that, when given a choice, wild pigs will usually flee and not fight.

Signs of infestation

Wild pigs can cause damage to gardens, trees, and, more generally, agriculture. Gardens are an issue if you grow fruits and vegetables in them, which is a tempting source of food. Trees are vulnerable because of the wild pigs’ rooting behavior, which accelerates leaf litter decomposition; this, in turn, causes nutrients to be lost, and these are important enough to impact the survival of trees, especially young ones. Furthermore, some wild pigs may actually actively root out seedlings of various tree species and chew the root in order to obtain these nutrients. Agriculture is affected because populations will dig up potatoes and damage melons or watermelons as well.
Another reason why people consider wild pigs to be pests is that they can do a lot of damage to wire fences. Wanting to gain access to a certain place, wild pigs can tear or lift wire fences off the ground, creating openings through which contained farm animals (chickens, sheep, goats, etc.) or even pets (large dogs) can escape through. On the other hand, wild pigs can also be useful in agriculture, helping to keep some pest populations, such as June bugs (also known as European chafers, or Rhizotrogus majalis), under control.

Generally, wild pigs will only venture upon areas populated by humans when food in the wild is scarce; this happens more and more often now, as habitats are destroyed. Typical signs that you are dealing with a wild pig infestation include:

  • sightings;
  • rooting of trees, tracks, or wallows;
  • tree or post rub signs;
  • nests;
  • finding large chunks of overturned turf in your yard or garden;
  • agricultural (or otherwise) damage, as mentioned above.

Getting rid of wild pigs

As is the case with most pests, successfully avoiding an infestation depends on creating and maintaining an unwelcoming environment. In the case of wild pigs, particularly, what you need to understand is that they have 3 basic needs: food, water, and shelter. In most situations, your property will only be providing them with food and, occasionally, water. It is only sometimes, on large properties, that they will also find shelter. In order to make your property less hospitable to them, make sure you:

  • do not leave any sort of food outside, be it human or pet food;
  • ensure that all your bin bags are tied securely and that all your bins have a tight-fitting lid;
  • build strong fences around tempting sources of food, such as fruit, vegetables, plants that produce flowers, etc.; if you have a garden, and you live in an area that is vulnerable to a wild pig infestation, it is advisable to fence all of it in;
  • use electric fences, as they are also effective;
  • do not leave open garbage cans as the strong smell can attract them to your property;
  • install motion detectors to your sprinkler system.

Using repellents

Repellents for Wild Pigs control:

Animal repellents are products designed to keep certain domestic animals, flying insects such as mosquitoes and moths, or even birds, away from objects, areas, people, plants, or other animals. Organic repellents are the way to keep the unwanted animals away, without hurting them, even without having to interact.

When fighting against wild pigs, repellents such as mixtures of cayenne pepper or other natural solutions, hardly do the trick. You can try sensors with lights, noises, or water sprinklers to scare away the feral pigs. Motion detectors hooked to your sprinkler system could also be a very effective way to keep the pigs out, or at least away from areas that you do not want to be damaged. Electronic repellents such as these can keep away the wild pigs for a while, but after they get used to the bursts of water, it is possible that they learn to ignore this, as they see it does not pose a threat. Mixing the use of such repellents with other methods of prevention or control is the best way in which you can make sure that you will keep your property free of wild pigs.
Gas cannons can also be used, as they are able to deter the pigs away through the loud sound they make. It is designed to help farmers protect their crops, as it has a sound intensity of 125dB, measured at 1 meter from the loudspeaker, and the noise can cover up 4 acres.

Trapping and hunting wild pigs

The main problem with a wild pig infestation is that trapping these animals can be quite difficult. This is due to the fact that they are highly intelligent and adaptable, as well as that different specimens reach different sizes, so finding the right trap to use can be tricky. Despite this, it is not impossible to completely eradicate the presence of wild pigs on your property, albeit with a dedicated effort over a significant period of time.
One upside of the problem is that wild pigs are creatures of habit, which means that they will use the same area (to rest, sleep, eat, etc.) as long as all the resources that they need remain available. This, in turn, means that you should be able to figure out a pattern, which will increase your chances of trapping or hunting them. It also means that factors such as human disturbance will cause them to alter their routine. As such, if the infestation is not big, then the solution may be as simple as installing motion-activated sprinklers.

Most of the time, though, you will have to resort to more drastic measures, the easiest of which is trapping. If done correctly, this can be 100% effective. The traps must be sturdy and designed very well. Otherwise, if a pig manages to escape, it will learn and might even become shy enough not to ever enter a trap again. This is a good reason to invest in a good trap. Recent research has shown that corral traps are more effective than box traps, which are smaller. Another thing to consider is that wild pigs can easily jump over fences that are less than 1m high. There are even reports of them having climbed out of pig traps with walls of 1,5 — 2m. This is believed to be possible because corners give them leverage; in a trap, wild pigs will pile up in a corner and literally climb over each other. As such, in order for a trap to be effective, all of its 90-degree corners must be covered. Otherwise, you can use a circular or tear-drop-shaped trap. Nowadays, there are traps on the market that are designed to be used with a trail camera, which can send notifications and photos to a phone or a computer, in this way letting you know when one or more wild pigs have entered your trap. All you have to do next is use a remote to trap them. Using this system, there have been cases where 30-40 wild pigs were caught at once.

When it comes to baits, it is good to know that wild pigs are attracted to strong, pungent odors, such as berries or strawberries. If you check, you will see that many products advertised as wild pig bait will contain some type of strawberry flavoring. However, more baits include shelled corn, corn with maple syrup, fermented corn, rice or oats, etc. (fermented products have a stronger odor), fish grease, overripe fruit or vegetables, etc. If you can, you should place more than one trap, using more than one type of bait, in different areas of your property; in this only, not only will your chances of catching the pig increase drastically, but also, you will find out what baits they are more attracted to and in which areas your trap is more likely to be useful, information that you can use in the future. Generally, the more abundant the food, the more difficult it will be to bait the pigs.
Once you have trapped the pig, depending on the legislation in your country, you might be able to hold the animal, alive, for a certain number of days. Following that, you can sell it to permitted buying stations, which may even pay off the damage caused by the animal. Some people may also prefer to hold the pig for consumption; if this is the case, you should ensure that the legislation in your area allows it.

The same should be applied in the case of hunting pigs – be sure to read the legislation first. If you find that it is allowed, the best time to hunt them is at night. We advise you to invest in some night vision technology, or, if you do not have experience hunting yourself, to call a professional. Another solution would be to use dogs to hunt them down. This, however, can be more dangerous, both for the dogs and for yourself, as you may be put in situations where you will need to approach a scared and threatened wild pig.

Regardless of the option you choose, be it trapping or hunting, it is important to remember that a wild pig problem will not be solved until you implement the preventive measures mentioned above. Otherwise, if your property is still attractive and available, other specimens will simply move in, and you will have to start the process all over again. If you have a large property and a severe infestation (more common in cases where the property also includes woods), these methods (trapping/hunting) will have to be applied over a much longer period of time. There is, however, a chance that wild pigs may learn to move on, due to frequent and sustained disturbances. Prevention is always important, so learn to also use such methods alongside the deterring ones. For more details regarding ways in which you can ‘Prevent infestation with Wild Pigs’, visit our relevant article.

Got a question?

    1. Wild pigs will only venture in areas populated by humans when food in the wild is scarce. To be able to get rid of them, you will need to create an unwelcoming environment. This means you should avoid giving them access to water, food or shelter. The best way to keep wild pigs of your property is by building strong fences around tempting sources of food, such as a garden or crops. This way, if they do not reach the food, they will get discouraged and look for a more welcoming area. If you live in an area with a wild pig infestation, it is advisable to fence all of your property, not just around the sources of food you might have.
      To keep wild pigs away, you can also use repellents, such as light or noise sensors, or water sprinklers, that will scare them away. Or you can also try an electronic cannon such as the one below, that is meant to scare birds, foxes, deer and wild pigs from the area. It is designed to help farmers protect their crops, as the noise it makes covers a large area, keeping pests away.

      Nexles -
  1. Can i install a very noisy sound system that specially generate the roaring of Lion ?
    Would they fear from the nearly presence of Lion ?
    Kindly help. They have done a lot damage.

    Rajesh -
    1. You can try using such a sound system, however, the most effective way of getting rid of wild pigs is by using a propane cannon. They are made specifically for getting rid of wildlife and unwanted birds, and they can protect approximately 1 to 5 acres, depending on the shape and topography of the field. Once set up they will operate unattended, so you can go about your day, without worrying about unwelcome wild pigs on your property.

      Nexles -
  2. I live in Hawaii and wild pigs have torn up my yard for YEARS! We leave NO FOOD of any kind out but they still come and dig up my grass yard! Motion lights, sprinklers etc do NOT WORKIm at my wits end

    Jennifer -
    1. Instead of using a motion light or sprinkler system, you can use a propane canon. It is a more effective way of getting rid of wild pigs. These canons are made specifically for getting rid of wildlife and unwanted birds, and they can protect approximately 1 to 5 acres, depending on the shape and topography of the field. After you set them up, they will release a sonic blast meant to keep wildlife away. The canon will operate unattended after setting the gas regulator at the desired blast interval, so you can go about your day, without worrying about unwelcome wild pigs on your property.

      Nexles -
  3. i am from india how can we protect our sugarcane field from wild bore approx every year they damge our 25% crop

    santosh singh -
  4. sir, please give me a cheap and environment-friendly solution because here most of the people are poor, they can’t effort costly equipment here, so please give a cheap solution for that

  5. How do you get a 400# micro pig to stop biting (yah connection made) always the same spot she’s a really aggressive sow in heat….

    Herbie -
    1. Unfortunately, we do not have information regarding the behavior of micro pigs. Our articles show methods of preventing and getting rid of wild pigs, in areas where they are considered pests.

      Nexles -
  6. What odour/liquid work as an effective repellent against wild boars!

    William Gartshore -
    1. Predator urine of bobcats, wolves, bears, or mountain lions fall into the category of olfactory repellents, however, it is unlikely to make a difference in the long term.
      To get rid of wild boars, it is more effective to use electric fences or sonic repellents, such as electronic cannons to keep them away from your crops.

      Nexles -

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