How to get rid of Ticks

ticks ixodes ricinus how to get rid of

What makes ticks a nuisance is the fact that they are carriers of multiple diseases, including Lyme Disease that can affect humans, or even others that can kill your pests. Be aware of the fact that ticks can vary in colour, depending on their species. Being related to spiders and scorpions, as they are part of the Arachnida class, ticks are widely distributed around the world, but they do prefer warm, humid climates, as low temperatures inhibit the development from egg to larvae. As opposed to other insects, the sign of a tick infestation, is the tick itself. Should someone in your household be infected, be it human or pet, secondary signs would be those of medical symptoms from diseases transmitted by ticks. Once infected with Lyme disease, a person may experience flu-like symptoms and develop a red rash in the shape of a bull’s eye. Due to the fact that the symptoms of Lyme disease mimic the flu so closely, this disease often goes undiagnosed and can lead to more serious health problems if left untreated.

ticks ixodes ricinus how to get rid of

Get rid of indoor ticks

As they prefer warm and humid conditions, a cluttered house is a perfect environment for ticks to find shelter. They do mostly prefer to live outside, but it is not uncommon for them to be brought inside the house by a pet. After feeding, they can hide anywhere, in the smallest cracks and crevices, as adult ticks can be smaller than a sunflower seed (over 1 cm long if engorged with blood), while tick larvae can be less than 1 mm. So, it is best to declutter your house, do not leave any items or laundry on the floor, and clean everything thoroughly.
When dealing with a tick infestation, it is best to wash your clothes in hot water, as ticks do tend to get attached to dirty clothing or bed linen. If you suspect your clothing items are infected, avoid leaving them on the floor, or putting them in the hamper. Just wash them straight away, to avoid the rick of contaminating other clothes as well.

Make sure you also clean your house thoroughly. Do not leave anything unturned. Clean shelves, dust off corners in the house, and make sure that all your floors are getting cleaned, whether it is with a broom, mop or vacuum. The vacuum is especially important, as it will help you clean hard to reach places and gather ticks from all over the house. You can vacuum animal bedding, cracks in the floors and walls, baseboards and even crown moldings, not only the floors and under the furniture. Make sure you immediately dispose of the vacuum bag, after you are done cleaning up, as you do not want the ticks to be able to return.

When it comes to your indoor pets, they also need to receive treatment against ticks. Especially dogs are a source of infestation, so you will need to thoroughly check them, when they come indoors, as this is the most common way that ticks travel inside. As they either catch ticks from playing with other infested dogs, or just from rolling in the grass outside, dogs are the most exposed to this threat.
You will need to physically remove the ticks that are attached to your dog, and then treat your pet with an anti-tick treatment, which you can get from your veterinarian. When it comes to efficiently removing a tick, you will need to use a forceps or tweezers, and make sure you remove the tick completely, in one go, to reduce the chance of infection. You will need to grab the tick as close to the skin as possible, to make sure you extract the head as well. If you just grab the tick’s body and pull, it will inject saliva or blood into the skin, thus increasing the chances to infect the host and transmit a disease. Make sure you do not crush the body of the insect, as this can further expose you to harmful bacteria. Once removed, isolate it in a bottle with a lid, wash your hands and disinfect the affected area. You can also choose to use a tick repelling collar, which will keep these insects from attaching to your dog or cat. They can be used for up to three months, before the start losing their effect and need to be replaced.

Keep in mind that ticks can be brought inside by other animals too. If you have birds or bats living in any type of crawl space or the attic, they can also become carrier of ticks, and bring them inside to their nests, burrows, roosts or other living spaces.
Ticks in the Argasidae family are also known to invade structures, in the search for a host, so sealing up any cracks and crevices in the walls, and making sure that other entry points, such as doorframes and windows are also sealed, can help you avoid such an issue.
Treating the inside of your house is very important, as one female tick can lay thousands of eggs at a time. Proactive treatments are also important, not just the ones done when the infestation already occurred. After 14 days, you should reapply the insecticide products to the areas covered, to control any newly hatched ticks.

Getting rid of outdoor ticks

When it comes to outdoor ticks, they can be found in tall grass, bushy areas and near trees, by their shade, as they like humidity. To avoid having ticks in you yard or garden, you must make sure that you are not providing them with the proper shelter they need. The best way to make sure ticks will avoid your property is by regularly trimming the vegetation and properly landscaping your yard.
Remove all the dead leaves, branches or other vegetation and remove any vines that tend to create humidity and do not let the sun come through. Do not allow piles of vegetation to add up anywhere in your yard or garden, as it will become tick heaven. Because ticks hate the sun, make sure you try to open up your yard as much as possible to natural sunlight. This will create an unfavourable environment for them, and ticks will no longer prefer to seek shelter on your property.
Mow your lawn regularly as this not only deprives tick of tall grass, but also lets the sun come in and evaporate the morning due, thus making the area less humid. Make sure that if you have a pet, the area where it usually plays is also clean of vegetation debris. If your dog loves to roll in fallen leaves, there is a good chance that he will be affected by a tick shortly. You also need to consider the areas around your home where wild or stray animals may spend time, as they can also be carriers of ticks. Cleaning thoroughly underneath bird feeders also helps, as ticks can nest under feeders undisturbed.

Pesticides against ticks

Fighting ticks, both indoors and outdoors can be quite challenging. When it comes to these critters, natural control methods are not that powerful, and the best use is that of pesticides that target the ticks directly. The only natural essential oil that does the trick is neem oil. It is a broad spectrum, organic repellent, that disrupts the growth and development of pest insects and has anti-feedant properties as well.
Otherwise, after physically removing any ticks you found, and cleaning out the house thoroughly, you should apply a pesticide treatment, not only indoors, but outside as well. This will prevent another infestation from occurring and will make sure any remaining eggs or larvae are terminated as well.

In order to eliminate any eggs and larvae, you can use diatomaceous earth. Sprinkle it in all the areas of your home where ticks might try to find shelter, and especially in your pet’s bedding. DE kills the insect by cutting its exoskeleton and causing its dehydration.
Boric acid, on the other hand, must be ingested to be toxic, as it is not a desiccant like DE. Due to this fact, it is not very effective in removing ticks. Insects usually ingest boric acid dust as they groom to clean their legs, antennae, and mouthparts, but this is a behaviour ticks do not have.

Spraying concentrated insecticides for Ticks control:

Concentrated insecticides are the most common used products in fighting insect infestations. They provide the safety that any insect coming into contact with the treated surfaces dies shortly.

For eliminating the adults, you need to use pyrethrin-based pesticide aerosol spray, as this is powerful enough to kill them. It can normally be used all over the house, so make sure to apply it on carpets and curtains, on the undersides of tables, chairs and sofas, and make sure to check the label, as some of these pyrethrin-based aerosol sprays can also be used around pets.

Sprayers used for Ticks control:

The equipment needed for a professional Pest Control Operator depends on the type of pest the treatment is made against, and if the treated surface is indoors or outdoors. Sprayers help in applying products meant to reach difficult places, as well as guaranteeing an economic control of the treatment application.

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      Type of Apparatus:

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      Type of Apparatus:

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      Type of Apparatus:

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    • 4 litres
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    • 7.5 litres
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      Type of Apparatus:

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      Tank Capacity:

    • 6 litres
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      Type of Apparatus:

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      Tank Capacity:

    • 10 litres
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      Type of Apparatus:

    • Sprayers Hand

      Manufacturer:

    • Mesto

      Tank Capacity:

    • 10 litres
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      Type of Apparatus:

    • Sprayers Hand

      Manufacturer:

    • Solo

      Tank Capacity:

    • 1.25 litres
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    302 B Cleaner

    €22.05

      Type of Apparatus:

    • Sprayers Hand

      Manufacturer:

    • Solo

      Tank Capacity:

    • 2 litres
  • eu solo sprayer fogger 307 a cleaner - 0, small

    307 A Cleaner

    €86.57

      Type of Apparatus:

    • Sprayers Hand

      Manufacturer:

    • Solo

      Tank Capacity:

    • 7 litres
  • eu solo sprayer fogger 307 b cleaner - 0, small

    307 B Cleaner

    €86.57

      Type of Apparatus:

    • Sprayers Hand

      Manufacturer:

    • Solo

      Tank Capacity:

    • 7 litres

For eliminating the adults, you need to use pyrethrin-based pesticide aerosol spray, as this is powerful enough to kill them. It can normally be used all over the house, so make sure to apply it on carpets and curtains, on the undersides of tables, chairs and sofas, and make sure to check the label, as some of these pyrethrin-based aerosol sprays can also be used around pets.
For severe indoor tick infestation, fumigation might be the best solution. There are several types of insecticides that can be used this way against ticks. They are based on active substances such as Tetramethrin, Deltamethrin or Cyfluthrin. Be careful when choosing the type of insecticide, you are using, as if it is a narrow spectrum one, it will kill only the targeted pest, but if it is a broad spectrum one, it will kill insects indiscriminately, without regard to the species.
You can also use growth regulators, which are parasiticides that interrupt the development of immature stages to adults. They either interfere with the molting stages of larvae, or prevent the hatching of eggs. By inhibiting the maturity of an insect, it cannot be capable of reproducing, and thus you avoid the development of a future generation.

When it comes to applying pesticides outside, it is better to do this in late spring and early summer, in order to prevent tick from further populating your yard. You can use ‘tick tubes’ to spread insecticide to the areas where ticks gather. These are biodegradable, cardboard tubes are normally filled with permethrin-treated cotton balls. As mice collect the cotton balls to build their nests, the ticks that feed on the mice get exposed to the permethrin, and then they die. The mice and other carrier animals aren’t harmed, and this is a safe way of making sure the ticks do not take advantage of the host and shelter they found on your property.

Mist Blowers used for Termites control:

Mist blowers are also useful for treatment application, as they use a very low volume application rate per unit area / space, that guarantees economic control of pests.

Concentrated liquid insecticide and insect growth regulators can usually be used with the help of a back sprayer or a low-pressure pump. By mixing the solutions with water and treating the areas of your property where ticks like to shelter, such as rock or brick retaining walls, tall or dense bushes and piles of yard debris, you will be able to fight against these pests. Be sure to apply the insecticide thoroughly, not just on the surface of the plants. Apply it on the underside of leaves and all the way to the bottom of the plant, and keep in mind that it might be required to repeat this treatment once a month, in order to keep in check the possible development of another tick generation.

  • eu stihl sprayer sr 200 - 7, small

    SR 200

    €411.23

      Type of Apparatus:

    • Mist Blowers

      Manufacturer:

    • Stihl

      Tank Capacity:

    • 10 litres
  • eu stihl sprayer fogger sr 430 - 8, small

    SR 430

    €431.86

      Type of Apparatus:

    • Mist Blowers

      Manufacturer:

    • Stihl

      Tank Capacity:

    • 14 litres
  • makita sprayer pm7651h - 2, smallFree Shipping

    PM7651H

    €615.56

      Type of Apparatus:

    • Mist Blowers

      Manufacturer:

    • Makita

      Tank Capacity:

    • 15 litres
  • eu solo sprayer 451 - 5, small

    451

    €602.44

      Type of Apparatus:

    • Mist Blowers

      Manufacturer:

    • Solo

      Tank Capacity:

    • 13 litres
  • eu solo sprayer fogger master 452 01 - 1, small

    Master 452-01

    €424.73

      Type of Apparatus:

    • Mist Blowers

      Manufacturer:

    • Solo

      Tank Capacity:

    • 12 litres

We recommend the usage of atomizers for the best results, but the treatment can be made with a low-pressure back pack pump as well:
For a minor infestation and prevention, you should use a 1% concentration solution:

  • 50 ml of Solfac EW 50 in 5 liters of water for a surface of 120 square metres;
  • 1000 ml of Solfac EW 50 with 100 liters of water for a surface of 2400 square metres.

For a major infestation, you should use a 2% concentration (the recommended dose for a low-pressure pump):

  • 100 ml of Solfac EW 50 with 5 liters of water for a surface of 120 square metres;
  • 1000 ml of Solfac EW 50 with 50 liters of water for a surface of 1200 square metres.

Know that it is best to mix up the types of insecticides that you use. Residual ones, which often come in the form of aerosol, adhere to the surface and last longer. However, using non-residual ones, that kill on contact, such as those that contain Pyrethrins, is a good supplement. Dusts can easily be applied in pet beddings, after these are washed, and can also be used to fill in cracks and crevices around the house. You can also use repellents for skin and clothes, which use a water based formula, which allows them to slowly evaporate, while leaving the repellent longer on the surface, but cause little absorption into the skin.

No matter what type of treatment you use, and the area that has been affected, make sure to also apply preventive measures, in order to avoid future infestations. By keeping your house and yard free of clutter, taking care of your pets and using repellents, you will be able to keep ticks at bay. For more details on how to prevent such an infestation, check out our article about ways in which you can ‘Prevent infestation with Ticks’.

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