How to get rid of Rabbits

how to get rid of rabbits oryctolagus cuniculus

Rabbits are small to medium-sized mammals that belong to the family Leporidae. They often enter people’s gardens and orchards, looking for food or shelter (in warehouses). Thus, when we refer to rabbits, they will stay away from the household or the space to be protected, through a series of safe methods, without harming them in any way.

how to get rid of rabbits oryctolagus cuniculus

Signs of rabbit presence

Choosing the most appropriate method of removing rabbits is based on first identifying the areas that rabbit frequent, as well as the type of damage they cause to gardens/orchards. In the case of rabbits, the damage differs depending on the season.

Spring / Summer:
– they eat the grass, clover, and alfalfa;
– they can cause damage to beans, peas, cabbage and lettuce;
– sometimes they eat and damage seedlings and flowers from the garden;

Fall / Winter:
They can gnaw the bark of young trees;
Occupies animal dens;
Woody plants and shrubs can bear fruit;
Break the branches;

Generally, rabbits prefer areas with tall grass, various plant debris and plants with a lush growth, which gives them shelter and protection. Therefore, by taking certain measures and being vigilant, the space will become less welcoming to rabbits and will not be particularly attractive to them.

Among the measures that can be applied, we mention:
– Mowing the lawn/grass regularly;
– raking leaves;
– Cutting / trimming abundant vegetation;
– Cleaning / removing piles of vegetable waste, wood, etc.
– Identify abandoned burrows on the property/yard and then fill them with gravel as rabbits can use them, especially when it is cold or rainy.

Therefore, after observing and identifying the areas where the rabbits caused damage, as well as the period in which these damages occur, it is recommended to choose the optimal method of elimination, depending on the situation. The choice of the appropriate method is influenced by the number of rabbits on the perimeter and even by the season in which they appear.

Rabbits may be present for a longer period of time in a certain space so, in order for their long-term efficient removal, it is best to use multiple methods such as traps, repellents, as well as specific cannons (in the case of orchards, agricultural lands).

Using traps

The best time to capture rabbits on a property is when their number is reduced and during winter when food sources are limited and the bait trap is even more attractive.

The use of traps is a fairly easy method and involves:

Placing them in areas where you noticed the most damage;
Using appropriate bait;
Effectively prepare the trap for capture and constant monitoring. The relocation of the captured rabbits will be done according to the local regulations.

If you wish to have a more efficient capture, place the traps in the places where the rabbits carry out their activity the most or where you notice the most damage. Rabbits often spend most of their time in transitional areas, where the sheltered ground meets the open ground. Among such spaces, we can mention hedges, shrubs, fence areas, bushes, piles of wood/plant debris, In areas with vegetation / tall grass.


Only in rare cases do rabbits travel long distances in open ground. Therefore avoid placing traps in a remote areas, where rabbits should travel a considerable distance to it.
In case of identification of a rabbit den, the trap will be located a few meters away from the entrance.


They are reusable and they are specially designed to catch rabbits without injuring them. They ensure fast, safe catches, targeting the specific size of the animals, and then releasing them safely.

At the same time, use baits inside the trap. Rabbits are herbivores and feed mainly on grass, various green leaves, roots and some fruits. As a result, you can use apples, carrots, lettuce, etc.

In addition:

In the warmer months, when food sources are varied, fruits and vegetables such as apples and carrots can be used.
In the winter months, it is best not to use baits that have a high water content, which is thus prone to frost. It is recommended to use dehydrated apples or dried alfalfa.

After choosing the bait, an important step is its positioning inside the trap.

The correct placement of the bait includes:
– completely attracting the rabbit into the trap;
– rapid triggering of the trap when the animal goes inside;
– place according to the type of trap (1 entrance or 2 entrances);

Single entry trap:
– place the bait towards the end of the trap, just behind the trigger, as far away from the trap walls as possible to prevent the rabbits from reaching it from the outside.

Double-entry traps:
– place the bait in the middle of it, to encourage the rabbit to operate the trigger.

Avoid transferring the odour by wearing gloves, as any traces of human odour can discourage the rabbit from falling into the trap.


Placing the traps:
Place them following the manufacturer’s recommendations, depending on the chosen product. At the same time, they will be positioned in the areas where most of the damage caused by rabbits is observed, but on a straight, flat surface.

Before using a trap, make sure that you understand and follow the local regulations regarding the capture of animals using traps;
It is not recommended to keep wild rabbits as pets, as they may be carriers of various diseases that can be transmitted to humans or other pets;

Monitoring the traps
After positioning the trap, monitor it closely so that the rabbit can be seen as soon as it is caught. Rabbits can quickly become hungry if they are neglected inside the trap, so they should be released as soon as possible.

Capturing the rabbits
Prevent being bitten as well as contracting any diseases by wearing protective gloves when handling the trap. When relocating the captured rabbits do so by keeping a certain distance, according to the legal provisions in force. After its release, it is recommended to disinfect the trap to remove any human odour, as well as to prevent the risk of spreading any disease.

Using repellents

Keep rabbits away from the property, by using repellent products. Therefore, after identifying the areas where they have caused damage and determining the habits they have in that space, start using a repellent appropriate to your requirements. It is important not only to focus on the affected areas but also to take precautionary measures to ensure that the entire perimeter is protected. Rabbits adapt quickly to changes in the environment and once they are removed from a certain area, they will move to the unprotected ones.

In addition to the regular application of repellents, certain measures are also very important, so that the respective space does not represent a favourable environment for rabbits in particular. Such as mowing the grass/lawn periodically, cleaning the vegetal remains and the leaves, cutting and mowing the abundant vegetation, etc.
Depending on the product, the repellents may be liquid, in the form of granules or powder. They will be applied/used in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.


They can be found in powder, granule or liquid form. They contain certain irritants for rabbits that have the role of removing them from the perimeter to be protected.

Use of cannon repellents

They are equipment that emits loud (explosive) noises, used for the safe removal of rabbits from crops, farms and other open spaces. Usually, the cannon is powered by a gas cylinder and operates on a piezoelectric motor, being independent of any energy source. Depending on the type of device, the range and frequency of detonations can be programmed or preset.

Cannon repellents

Cannons are devices that act by intimidating and eliminating rabbits from a certain area. They run on a gas engine and because of the loud sounds they produce, they are intended for open spaces.

In conclusion, depending on the situation (space), when opting for the removal of rabbits, it is advisable to choose the optimal methods (traps, repellents, cannons, etc.), without harming them or causing them any harm. At the same time, it is recommended to take the appropriate measures in order to keep the areas clean so that it does not attract them in particular.

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